USAID Photo/ Jenn Warren

The Death Knell of Dictatorship: The Sudan Military Coup

From the last century to the 21st century, along with the globalism, economy developing, Tech boost and the universal value spread all over the world, dictators have taken down one by one.

April 11 2019, A military coup happened in the Republic of Sudan, and Sudan’s President Bashir was forced out and arrested by the military after nearly his 30 years in office. 

Omar Al-Bashir is an iconic person and tough leader in African politic。 He was born in a small village in the north of Sudan, and he joined the army of Sudan after he finished middle school and then studied in military acedemy in Egypt. He quickly got promoted after returned to Sudan. He also participated in the 4th war in the middle east. He rose through the ranks and finally took control of Sudan by the military coup in the 80s. 

In 2004, the U.S. government accused the Sudanese government responsible for the genocide and war crimes committed in Darfur.

In 2008, the International Criminal Court Prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo accused Al-Bashir of genocide, individual criminal responsibility since 2003 in Darfur.

In 2009, the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued an arrest warrant for Al-Bashir for his crimes against humanity and genocide, and the arrest warrant is supported by NATO.

Furthermore,  Al-Bashir has also accused of supporting terrorists. In August 2018, 74 years old Bashir announced that he is willing to run the national presidential election in 2020, which an inside job for his next term. It sparked the anger from Sudanese people and eventually created the military coup. 

The military coup of Sudan is similar to what is happening in Algeria.

The president of Algeria Abdelaziz Bouteflika official published a statement that declared his retirement, which ends his 20 years ruling of Algeria.

In February this year, Bouteflika announced running for presidential election, which could be his 5th term of presidency. His move angered millions of people in Algeria and hundreds and thousands of people participated six weeks straight protest. Finally, the 82 years old Bouteflika was forced out by a military coup. 

According to Al Jazeera, although Bouteflika has stepped down from his position, the student groups in Algeria still start a campaign on social media for another protest against the government. They think Bouteflika’s stepping down is not enough. Students believe the country will not change the system even if Bouteflika quit, and they require to build an entirely new government.

As we have seen from the timeline, these dictators have steeped down one by one from Saddam to Gaddafi, even the socialist controlled eastern Europe in the 90s.

This is a new age; history is going on with democracy.   

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